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Thanks to medical and surgical advancements in recent years Cataract Surgery has become one of the most successful, sophisticated & safe medical procedures performed. SHRADDHA EYE HOSPITAL is widely recognized for excellence in cataract surgery. With successful cataract treatment, your vision will be clearer, brighter, and sharper than it's been for a long, long time. It is a Day Care procedure and does not require you to be in the hospital for more than two hours. You can resume most of your routine activities like walking, reading, watching TV, etc from the next day after cataract surgery.

What is Cataract?

The normal crystalline lens of the eye is clear and transparent. Whenever the lens develops cloudiness or opacity, it is called a ‘cataract’. This opacification obstructs light from being transmitted to the retina causing blurring of vision. This may be compared to a window that is frosted or fogged with steam.


What Causes a Cataract?


Most cataracts occur as a result of:

  •   Increasing age. The normal process of ageing may cause the lens to harden and turn cloudy.


Other less common causes of the development of cataract are:

  •   Injuries to the eye,
  •   Certain medication such as steroids
  •   Infections or inflammations within the eye,
  •   Radiation,
  •   Diabetes - can accelerate the process of cataract formation,
  •   Rarely some children are born with cataracts - as a congenital abnormality



  •   There may be hazy and blurred vision.
  •   the
  •   Frequent changes in glass power.
  •   In nuclear cataract near vision becomes clear which is known as SECOND SIGHT FOR AGED
  •   Double vision and distortion of images may occur.
  •   The eye may be more sensitive to light glare, making night driving difficult.
  •   Things may seem brighter with one eye than the other.


What is the treatment for Cataract?

  • Treatment for cataract is always by an operation to remove the opaque lens from the eye.
  • No medicine or drops can remove the cataract or opacity of the lens.


When should one be operated for Cataract?

When a cataract causes enough loss of sight to interfere with the patient’s routine lifestyle, it is time to remove it. Depending on individual needs, the patient and the ophthalmologist decide together when the cataract should be operated.

DO NOT WAIT FOR THE CATARACT TO GET MATURE as unnecessary delay can lead to avoidable complications and more difficult surgery. Cataract surgery can be undertaken successfully in any season. Summer season have absolutely no effect on the outcome of the cataract surgery. In short, whenever a patient is visually handicapped to carry on his / her daily activities, it is time to consider cataract surgery.


About Cataract Surgery

There are several surgical techniques for cataract removal. Cataract surgery through phacoemulsification is the most modern and advanced method for performing cataract surgery The operating surgeon is the best person to decide which technique is likely to yield the best result.

Phacoemulsification through a small incision is the most advanced method and allows safe and predictable surgery. A small instrument called the phaco probe is introduced within the eye. Ultrasonic vibrations generated within the probe break the cataract into multiple small pieces (emulsification), which are then removed using a suction device through the same probe. After removing the cataract, a foldable intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted in the eye through this small incision.


Advantages of Topical Phacoemulsification

  •   Sutureless surgery. (No stitches)
  •   No injection but only local anaesthetic drops are used
  •   No patch or Bandage
  •   Faster recovery and return to most of the normal activities within a day.
  •   Less astigmatism - better vision.
  •   Post surgery, the wound is very secure.


Types of Intraocular Lenses

Mono-focal Non-Aspheric IOL: With this lens, the patient is required to wear spectacles selectively for distance and near vision to obtain clear vision as this IOL has only one point of focus. However, less contrast sensitivity and sharpness of vision compare to Aspheric IOL.

Mono-focal Aspheric IOL: With this lens, the patient is required to wear spectacles selectively for distance and near vision to obtain clear vision as this IOL has only one point of focus. However, the asphericity of the IOL leads to improved contrast sensitivity and sharpness of vision.

Toric IOL: It is meant for patients with existing corneal astigmatism (cylindrical numbers). It gives good quality distance vision with less dependence on glasses; patients will still require glasses for tasks such as reading or working at the computer.

Multifocal IOL: The lens is designed to provide both near and distance vision and thereby reduce spectacle dependency.

Multifocal Toric IOL: This lens has unique properties of multifocality as well as toxicity. It offers minimal dependence on glasses to patients who have pre-existing corneal astigmatism, thus allowing a full range of distance, intermediate, and near vision, Your doctor will suggest which IOL is suitable for your eye condition and your visual requirement.


Extended Range Of Vision (Symphony Lens)

The latest addition to the TECNIS® Family of IOLs offers new optical technology for providing an Extended Range of Vision. Traditional IOL solutions for treating presbyopia include Multifocals and Trifocals, which work on the principle of simultaneous vision by splitting light into multiple distinct foci, and Accommodative IOLs, which change in shape and power when the ciliary muscle contracts. Traditionally with these technologies, the correction of presbyopia is commonly thought of in terms of the distinct distance for which functional vision is provided.

The Symfony intraocular lens is a new option, we can offer to improve patient’s vision following cataract surgery, especially those who have difficulty focusing on objects at near distances because of presbyopia. Many patients live very active lifestyles and want to see clearly at all distances, and without glasses if possible. With the Symfony lens, we can give patients the freedom to enjoy the activities that matter to them, while wearing glasses less.



How much visual recovery to expect?

Cataract surgery has a very high success rate, over 99% of cases are technically successful. It is, however, important to realize that factors other than technically successful cataract surgery play a very important role in the visual recovery after cataract surgery e.g. the condition of the retina, optic nerve, pre-existing disease, amblyopia (lazy eye), etc. Sometimes it may be difficult to diagnose the abnormality before the surgery because of the dense cataract.

With advances in science and technology, cataract surgery is now safer and more predictable than ever.


Posterior Capsular Opacification (P.C.O.) - also known as 'Chari'

During cataract surgery, the capsule of the lens is left intact to hold the IOL in place. In the long term, this capsule can thicken and cause blurring of vision. This is called posterior capsule opacification (Chhari). The onset of this thickening varies from person to person. It may occur earlier in young individuals, though the incidence is significantly reduced. This opacification can be removed successfully with YAG laser.


Why Shraddha Eye Hospital for Cataract Surgery?

For cataract, surgery Centre has the phacoemulsification machines with cold phaco technology for getting the best results even in the hardest of cataracts. Availability of wide range of intraocular lenses such as foldable aspheric, toric, multifocal and multifocal toriciol which makes it possible to provide the best visual results for patients of all ages.



Can I have any other treatment for cataract?

Diet, medicine, eye drops or exercise have not been shown to retard or prevent the development of cataract. A cataract does not result from using the eyes too much, or by reading in bad light.

When I should get operated for cataract ?

Ideally with modern methods, cataract can be removed at any stage, but it should be operated when it interferes with your daily life.

How soon after phaco surgery, will I be able to see ?

In some cases, the patient is able to see almost immediately following the surgery, although most patients experience clear vision after one or two days

Whether there will be a injection prick in eye and pain during surgery ?

No, most commonly it is performed under topical anaesthesia, in which anashtetic drops are instilled 3-4 times before surgery. No injection prick is given into eye before surgery.

Will activities have to be restricted after phaco surgery ?

Normal activities including walking, reading, writing, watching television etc. may be resumed soon after the surgery. However, during the first week after the surgery, it is better to avoid strenuous activities & avoid exposing the eye to water or dust.

Is there any diet restriction after phaco surgery?

There are absolutely no diet restrictions after phaco and you can continue with your normal diet. However, diet regulation advised for other diseases like Diabetes, High blood pressure, etc must continue.

What special treatment does my eye require while healing?

Use drops as directed. Wear protective sunglasses whenever you are outside on sunny days if the glare causes discomfort. Avoid direct pressure on the eye ? don't rub or scratch the eye.

What precautions are to be taken after surgery?

Avoid rubbing the eye or compression (while sleeping) for a month. Avoid dust, pollution and water entering the eyes for a month. Head baths should be avoided for first week Follow the medication guideline strictly and maintain good eye hygiene.

Will I require glasses after surgery?

It depends on the eye and the healing responses of the body. Gross work can be done without glasses but fine work may require a visual aid

When can exercise be resumed?

Exercise restricted to walking can be resumed from the next day. Any heavier exercises like playing tennis, badminton, yoga, gym-workouts, etc., should be avoided for 2 weeks. Swimming should be avoided for about 4 to 6 weeks

When can I resume daily routine?

Daily routine work can be resumed after a rest of 2 days depending on the work environment. Dust, pollution and stressful conditions should be avoided.

When can travel be undertaken?

With the doctor’s permission, depending on the recovery; but usually after 2 to 3 days



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